A new hybrid expansion function based mutual information for a multilayer neural networks optimization
Pages: 7 – 23
Function expansion was used to expand initial features based on a non linear transformation. Many known expansion functions are found such the trigonometric, the polynomial, the Legendre polynomial, the power series, the exponential and the logarithmic transformation. This paper present a comparison between different expansion functions based on mutual information and different performance functions. We propose a new expansion process able to improve the correspondent mutual information and the final performance. The process was tested; using different benchmark databases, and shows his ability to improve results of classification problems.
Keyword: Function expansion; multilayer perceptron, Classification, mutual information, features selection.
JEL Code: C15, C61, C38, C41
Citation: NCIBI, K., DJENINA, A, SADRAOUI, T., MILI, F. (2017). A new hybrid expansion function based mutual information for a multilayer neural networks optimization. Journal of Finance and Corporate Governance, Vol., 1, No. 2: pp. 7 – 23. (Dec 2017); ISSN: 2602-5655.
Structural support in Algeria: Does it affect the Entrepreneurial intention of university students
BOUCIF, S. A.
Pages: 15– 27 bis
إن هذه الدراسة تهدف لمعرفة الأثر الناجم من الدعم الهيكلي على النية المقاولاتية لدى الطلبة الجامعيين في الجزائر وهذا بالإستعانة بنظرية السلوك المخطط (TPB)، ولقد تم الدراسة باستخدام طريقة النمذجة بالمعادلات الهيكلية على عينة من طلبة الماستر في جامعة عنابة، ولقد أظهرت النتائج أن الطلبة لديهم موقف جيد حول المقاولاتية وهم يدركون أنهم قادرون على التحكم بمشروعهم مستقبلا وهذان العاملان أثرا بشكل موجب على نيتهم المقاولاتية، أما وبخصوص تأثير الدعم الهيكلي في الجزائر فكان تأثيره ضعيف على موقف الطلبة ومنعدم على إدراكهم بالتحكم بالسلوك، ولم نجد له أي أثر دو دلالة إحصائية على النية المقاولاتية.
الكلمات الدالة: نظرية السلوك المخطط،النية المقاولاتية، إدراك الدعم الهيكلي، النمذجة بالمعادلات الهيكلية.
This study aims to determine the impact of the structural support on the entrepreneurial intention among university students this is based on the theory of planned behavior; the study was conducted using structural equations modeling on a sample of final year business students at the University of Annaba. Firstly, the results showed that the students have a good attitude about the entrepreneurial and they realize that they are able to control their behavior, these factors impact more positively on their entrepreneurial intention. Finally, with regard to the effect of structural support has been found to have a weak effect on students’ attitude and we did not find any impact of this factor on perceived behavior control and there entrepreneurial intention.
Keyword: theory of planned behavior, entrepreneurial intention, structural support, structural equations modeling.
JEL Code: M00, m2, L26, A23, z13, j23, C10
Citation: BOUCIF, S. A., TOUAITI, M. (2017). Structural support in Algeria: Does it affect the Entrepreneurial intention of university students. Journal of Finance and Corporate Governance, Vol., 1, No. 2: pp. 15 – 27 bis. (Dec 2017); ISSN: 2602-5655.
Descriptive variables and their role in predicting the financial position of Algerian companies: The case of a sample of Algerian companies
BEN AMOR, K .
ABAI, W .
على الرغم مما حققته المتغيرات الكمية من نتائج إيجابية في استشراف مستقبل المؤسسات وقدرة تنبؤية بمركزها المالي إلا أنه بعد التزايد الملحوظ لحالات إفلاس المؤسسات دون التنبه لها مبكرا وتفاقم الأضرار الناجمة عن ذلك على الإقتصاد بشكل عام وعلى المؤسسات بشكل خاص فقد اتضحت الحاجة إلى إتمام ما ينقص المتغيرات الكمية من دلالة تنبؤية في عملية استشراف المركز المالي للمؤسسات، وقد استجابت الدراسات المهتمة بهذا الميدان بإعطاء أهمية للمتغيرات ذات طبيعة وصفية.
إذ هدفت هذه الدراسات إلى إدراك جوانب المتغيرات ذات الطبيعة الوصفية ومدى مساهمتها في استشراف المركز المالي للمؤسسات الجزائرية، وقد تم اسقاط ذلك ميدانيا من خلال استعمال معطيات المتغيرات الوصفية في تقنية نقاط المخاطرة وتطبيقها على قاعدة بيانات لعينة مكونة من 15 مؤسسة ناشطة في الجزائر العاصمة، وقد خلصت هذه الدراسة إلى أن المتغيرات الوصفية تساهم بشكل كبير في استشراف المركز المالي للمؤسسات الجزائرية.
الكلمات الدالة: المتغيرات الوصفية، الإستشراف، نقاط المخاطرة، المركز المالي .
Pages: 3– 14 bis
Despite positive results quantitative variables have had in predicting the future of companies alongside their predictive ability of companies’ financial position, the remarkable increase in bankruptcies of companies without any early detection and the consequent damage to the economy in general and to companies in particular, highlighted the need to make up for quantitative variables luck in terms of predictive significance in the process of predicting companies’ financial position, which made studies interested in this field react by emphasizing variables of descriptive nature.
The aim of this study is to appreciate aspects of variables of descriptive nature and the extent of their contribution to the prediction of financial position of Algerian companies, using as a case study descriptive variables data of the risk scoring technique with application on a sample data of 15 companies operating in Algiers. This study concluded that descriptive variables contribute significantly to the prediction of the financial position of Algerian companies.
Keyword: descriptive variables, prospecting, risk scoring, financial position.
JEL Code: C0, C5, C1, G3
Citation: BEN AMOR, K . ABAI, W . LAMJED, B. (2017). Descriptive variables and their role in predicting the financial position of Algerian companies: The case of a sample of Algerian companies. Journal of Finance and Corporate Governance, Vol.,1, No. 2: pp. 3 – 14 bis. (Dec 2017); ISSN: 2602-5655.
What is the true meaning behind the stochastic hypothesis which assert that E(ε)=0 ?
Pages: 45 – 51
The aim of this Paper is to examine the meaning about the classical hypothesis which claim that the error of expectation equal zero, by mentioning all theories of expectations before and after the REH. The rational expectations paradigm has dominated the field of economics ever since it was introduced some fifty years ago. Recently research in heterogeneous expectations, bounded rationality, and models of learning have gained leverage, and focus has shifted away from the rational expectations hypothesis. Despite these developments over the past few decades, the rational expectations paradigm is still very much the standard way of handling uncertainty in economic theory, and often the rationality assumption is not seriously questioned.
Keyword: Rational Expectations, errors, learning model.
JEL Code: E17, C13, C40, C57
Citation: DJEDDI, T., BRIKA, S., HAIDOUCHI, A. (2017). What is the true meaning behind the stochastic hypothesis which assert that E(ε)=0 ?. Journal of Finance and Corporate Governance, Vol., 1, No. 2: pp. 45 – 51. (Dec 2017); ISSN: 2602-5655.
Salama Insurance: the need of an Islamic legal framework
Pages: 35 – 44
Many Muslims, for religious convictions are reluctant to take up conventional insurance as it is deemed to have uncertainty, gambling and interest, which are prohibited by religion. The purpose of this paper is to examine Islamic Insurance in Algeria and analyse a suitable regulatory framework.
One can argue that the trend towards Islamic insurance in Algeria contributes to raising the level of insurance culture, which will help to mobilize more savings. After studying the topic, we can provide a road map to better regulating the Islamic insurance market because the Islamic companies could not function in the absence of an Islamic insurance act. In the absence of such a framework, regulators often treat Islamic insurance companies similarly to conventional insurance companies, which hinders the development of Islamic Insurance Industry.
Keyword: Insurance, Islamic finance, Salama Insurance, Takaful.
JEL Code: G22,G23
Citation: HASSANI, H., HIMRANE, M. (2017). Salama Insurance: the need of an Islamic legal framework. Journal of Finance and Corporate Governance, Vol., 1, No. 2: pp. 35 – 44. (Dec 2017); ISSN: 2602-5655.
Accessibility and attractiveness of primary care services in Algeria: Models of spatial interaction of the NHPF of the Eastern Health Region
Pages: 24 – 34
The restructuring of basic health care structures represented by public institutions nearby care in Algeria, according to Executive Decree 07/140 of 19 May 2007, could have effects both positive and negative: positive effects as we quote the approximation of diversified health services towards the citizen. As for the negative effects they live in ignorance of the real role of this kind of structure, namely the prevention in the broad sense of the term before the one of care.
Among the results of our case study on the 7 wilayas of eastern Algeria, we noted: a small financial allocation and a shortage of medical and paramedical human resources, which have frozen the role of these NHPF, and which have favored the caregiver’s recourse to hospital emergencies. On the other hand, we have also noticed the sufficient number of these structures throughout all the communes of the country and their proximity to the living environments, despite the derisory number of services rendered, which were able to meet certain needs of the inhabitants.
Keyword: Primary care services, access to basic health care, nearby health care facilities, public health in Algeria.
JEL Code: Q14, Q15, Q18
Citation: AISSAOUI, N., BRIKA, S. (2017). Accessibility and attractiveness of primary care services in Algeria: Models of spatial interaction of the NHPF of the Eastern Health Region. Journal of Finance and Corporate Governance, Vol., 1, No. 2: pp. 24 – 34. (Dec 2017); ISSN: 2602-5655.